Based on a living female and an exuvia, Fabian Vol described Cardiopelma mascatum . Collection site is not stated in the manuscript, and from Von’s educated attempt to place C. mascatum geographically, between Panama and Colombia*, it appears it was not known.
Yet in the Mexican state of Oaxaca, researchers have found specimens fitting Vol’s description. These have been bred in captivity and the species introduced to the hobby. Likely, absence of type locality in Von’s description has led to the insertion of ‘cf.’ into the name (Cardiopelma confer mascatum). Confirmation may depend on comparison with the female specimen Von deposited in the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris, presumably).
With a carapace of 12mm and an abdomen of 10mm, C. mascatum is a dwarf species. Von reports naming the genus after the heart-shape spermatheca (Cardiopelma) and the species after the triangular mask on the carapace (mascatum).
Spiderlings are hardy and take pin-head crickets. No unusual keeping requirements have been noted.
 Vol, F. (1999a). A propos d’une spermatheque inhabituelle. Arachnides 42: 1-13.
* “ce qui la positionnerait géographiquement au sud de l’Amérique centrale (Panama) ou au nord de l’Amérique du sud (Colombie)”