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Campina Grande (‘great plain’) in northeastern Brazil is the type locality for Lasiodora parahybana. The city was established on a “spacious plateau” by a Portuguese landowning family in 1697, and populated by “tamed” members of the now extinct Ariús tribe . Campina Grande’s first western name, Porta do Sertão, means ‘gateway to the desert.’ The reference comes from Campina Grande’s location (elev. 1942 ft.) on the eastern rim of the vast Borborema Plateau (elev. 2000-2600 ft.). The elevation creates a rain shadow, resulting in semi-arid climate and deciduous, thorny scrub vegetation (caatinga) west of Campina Grande. To the east the Borborema escarpment descends and gives rise to a thin, coastal strip representing the northernmost reach of Brazil’s Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlântica).
Campina Grande is located in the Brazilian state of Paraíba, formerly Parahyba or Parahyba do Norte, hinting at the origin of this species’ name. The climate of Campina Grande is semi-arid. Temperatures are mild throughout the year (65-85F); rainfall is seasonal with 8-9 months of dry season.
To the best of our knowledge, there are no distribution studies of Lasiodora parahybana. We know of one report of a specimen found in Martins, Rio Grande do Norte, in the Três Inchús cave . The location, indicated on the map above, is also on the Borborema Plateau. Climate is semi-arid. Terrain in the Martins region is shown below:
Compiled from 
Freshly molted L. parahybana is dark, as in the first photo at the top of the page. Over months, color gradually changes to brown (second photo), only to return to dark after the next molt. Females are sexually mature by 6-7″. Scattered reports of larger specimens exist. L. parahybana is hardy and fast growing; breeding is not difficult. The number of spiderlings per sac is an order of magnitude greater than the 100-200 obtained for many other tarantula species.
 A PALAVRA Jornal Online. (2/11/2017). LISTA DOS 50 (I) – Capitão Teodósio de Oliveira Ledo, fundador que interligou litoral e sertão.
 Araújo, et al. (2017). Fauna cavernícola e os impactos ambientais ao patrimônio espeleológico do município do Martins, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Espeleo-Tema. 28. 107-123.
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