Lasiodora parahybana • 1/2 – 5/8″

$23.99

Lasiodora parahybana (Brazilian salmon pink birdeater), captive bred, one of the larger terrestrials, known for hardiness and fast growth. Flicks hairs when disturbed. Recommended for advanced beginners and above.

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Description

Northeastern Brazil is home to Lasiodora parahybana, one of the most commonly kept species in the hobby. Mello-Leitão reported the type locality as Campina Grande (great plain) [1].

Campina Grande was built on a “spacious plateau” by a Portuguese landowning family in 1697, and populated by “tamed” members of the now extinct Ariús tribe [2]. Campina Grande’s first western name, Porta do Sertão or ‘gateway to the desert,’ refers to its location on the eastern rim of the Borborema Plateau (elev. 2000-2600 ft.). Borborema itself is part of a larger, dry, elevated region known as the Caatinga. Most of the moisture from the Atlantic falls on the eastern slope of the plateau, resulting in semi-arid climate and deciduous, thorny scrub (caatinga) west of Campina Grande.

The Caatinga is a dry elevated biome west of Campina Grande, gateway to the desert.

To the east, the Borborema escarpment descends and gives rise to a thin, coastal strip representing the northernmost reach of Brazil’s Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlântica).

Campina Grande is located in the Brazilian state of Paraíba, formerly Parahyba or Parahyba do Norte, hinting at the origin of the species’ name. Climate is semi-arid. Temperatures are mild throughout the year (65-85F) and rainfall is seasonal with 8-9 months of dry season.

To the best of our knowledge, there are no distribution studies of L. parahybana. There is a report of a specimen found northwest of Campina Grande in in the Três Inchús Cave, Martins, Rio Grande do Norte [3]. Two published localities are shown (below, left), both on the Borborema.

Lasiodora parahybana type locality and an additional published locality. 

Martins Municipality, Rio Grande do Norte, compiled from [3]
Terrain and vegetation in Martins Municipality are shown (right). Vegetation is caatinga. Brazilian habitat is diverse and even within the Caatinga there are regional differences. It can be said, however, that L. parahybana, is not a rainforest species.

Additional localities for L. parahybana are posted on iNaturalist.org, with most in the vicinity of Campina Grande, to the west, east and south.

Freshly molted specimens are dark with light hairs, salmon pink posteriorly. Over months, color may gradually fade (second photo above), only to return to dark after the next molt. Females are sexually mature by about 7″; reports of larger specimens exist. L. parahybana is hardy and fast growing. Breeding is not difficult. The number of spiderlings per sac can be an order of magnitude greater than the 100-200 obtained for many other tarantula species.

Hopefully the above will inspire readers to learn more about L. parahybana, a classic hobby species.

[1] Mello-Leitão, C. F. de (1917a). Notas arachnologicas. 5, Especies novas ou pouco conhecidas do Brasil. Brotéria (Ser. Zool.) 15: 74-102.

[2] A PALAVRA Jornal Online. (2/11/2017). LISTA DOS 50 (I) – Capitão Teodósio de Oliveira Ledo, fundador que interligou litoral e sertão.

[3] Araújo, et al. (2017). Fauna cavernícola e os impactos ambientais ao patrimônio espeleológico do município do Martins, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Espeleo-Tema. 28: 107-123.

Additional information

Weight 0.01 lbs
Dimensions 1.0 × 0.5 × 0.5 in