Monocentropus balfouri comes from the island of Socotra, the largest island in an archipelago extending off the horn of Africa. Although geographically an extension of Africa, politically these islands are part of Yemen. M. balfouri is among the most commonly kept African species. Keeping requirements are as for African baboon tarantulas in general, with most hobbyists keeping them on the dry side with access to water.
M. balfouri is unusual in that the species can be kept peaceably in groups. We have not yet found documentation of communal living in the wild, but testimonies of scores of hobbyist establish peaceable group living in captivity. Some sources claim specimens must be raised together from the spiderling stage in order to get along as adults, but rigorous proof is lacking and exceptions exist.
The photo above shows an adult female.
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